Follow the King's Legacy for Sustainability

Alleviating the suffering of the people in the basin area(Pak Phanang Basin Area Development Project Under Royal Initiatives, Uthokwipat Prasit Watergate, Museum Honouring the King for the Development of Pak Phanang Basin, Pak Phanang Royal Palace, Kanab

Nakhon Si Thammarat

In the past, people in Pak Phanang Basin Area relied on water sources for agricultural purposes.  The Pak Phanang River is an important river in this basin area and is the centre of prosperity in many aspects, making Nakhon Si Thammarat Province a land of milk & honey in Southern Thailand.

 
Later, the population increased, and there is the need of water for consumption.  The basin area which was once prosperous changed to a dried area, and the number of trees decreased rapidly.  The area of the Pak Phanang River was lower than sea level and was not very steep, causing sea water to enter the area easily.  The southern area of the basin called Khuan Khreng was a large basin area which kept water all year round, releasing pyrite, which caused acidic soil and water.  There was not enough water for cultivation. 

Higher  sea levels along with a large amount of rainwater during the rainy season made it impossible to drain the water into the sea, damaging agricultural areas and communities.  There was not enough crops for people to depend on for their livelihood.  Thus, His Majesty King Bhumibol tried to find solutions to the problems.  He ordered Royal Irrigation Department to conduct reserch on how to build Uthokwipat Prasit Watergate at Pak Phanang Basin Area Development Project Under Royal Initiatives.  This was to prevent seawater to enter the area and keep fresh water inside.  Also, Royal Irrigation Department has built an irrigation system to alleviate flooding and distribute water for cultivation.  The qualify of life of the people in the local area has become better since then.
 

 
You can learn about the talent of the King for dealing with 4 problems concerning water – flooding, lacking of water, salt water, and acidic water – at Museum Honouring the King for the Development of Pak Phanang Basin.  Also, visiting Pak Phanang Royal Palace, which is the only palace built for the King by the Thai people in honouring the King and being grateful to him for what he had done.
- Pak Phanang Basin Area Development Project Under Royal Initiatives
- Uthokwipat Prasit Watergate
- Museum Honouring the King for the Development of Pak Phanang Basin
- Pak Phanang Royal Palace

Moo 5, Hu Long Sub-District, Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat

Directions
It is about 35 km from Nakhon Si Thammarat city centre to Pak Phanang District.  Use Highway route 4013 and turn right at the T-junction, which leads to the East side of Pak Phanang District.  Turn right at the intersection and go along Pak Phanang – Chiang Yai Road for about 2 km until you see Pak Phanang Basin Area Development Project Under Royal Initiatives.
 

 
The Siam Ruby Pomelo farm is a place where you can find a signature fruit of Nakhon Si Thammaratprovince.  The pomelo’s meat is of red colour like ruby, and the think outer layer of the fruit is soft like velvet.  It is said to be Pak Phanang Basin’s precious stone.  To honour the King, who guided how to manage water in Phanang Basin Area effectively in order to alleviate the problems that might occur to pomelo cultivation, those who plant the pomelo try to do their best to plant the best pomelo trees to yield the best pomelos and give them to the King every year.  Also, the crops are sold to generate income for the local farmers. 
 

 
You can also follow the King’s footsteps in being self-sufficient by visiting Kanab Nak Community and see the simple way of life of local farmers there.  There are several natural products to see in the communities and the products are said to be gifts from nature.  You can see how to beat the mangrove palm to obtain sugar, how to collect the sugar from the trees, how to boil the sugar, and how to weave its leaves and make it into a water container.  There are many products made from the mangrove palm for visitors to buy, such as mangrove palm sugar both in the form of powder or paste, mangrove palm honey, sour mangrove palm juice, fermented mangrove palm alcoholic drink.

Kanab Nak Community, Pak Phanang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat

Directions
Use Highway route Pak Phanang – Hua Sai for 26 km until you reach Kanab Nak Sub-District.

A recommended local dish
Nakhon Si Thammarat’s rice dumpling in coconut milk
A Nakhon Si Thammarat traditional dessert made from rice flour, diluted coconut milk, coconut milk, salt, and limewater.  Undiluted coconut milk coconut milk is poured over rice dumpling, and it is topped with roasted mung beans, giving a sweet and savoury smell.  

A 1-day trip
Travelling to Nakhon Si Thammarat Province; visiting Pak Phanang Basin Area Development Project Under Royal Initiatives in the morning to learn about the glorious history of Pak Phanang and self-sufficient living of the local people in Pak Phanang; tryingSiam Ruby Pomelos, a signature fruit of the province, at any farm in the town (You might want to try Sawassuk farm or Uncle Noi Farm, Ban Bang Duk Self-Dependence Community Farm, etc.; staying overnight at Nakhon Si Thammarat; buying products from the mangrove palm and learn how to process sugar from the mangrove palm at Kanab Nak Community; travelling back to Bangkok

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